Personal Protective Equipment or PPE comprises a range of clothing and equipment that is worn by workers, labor contractors, or site visitors to reduce their exposure to workplace hazards. PPE can prevent painful and possibly crippling injuries while you work. Personal protective equipment is used to reduce employee protection from hazards. PPE is an essential part of reducing the risks of accidents. The risk of serious injury can be minimized if you understand the principles of PPE.
Some of the mandatory Personal Protective Equipment is given below.
Hard hat to protect workers against impact and penetration of falling, flying, and stationary objects.
Head protection also includes scarfs, hairnets, and caps to keep hair safe and hats to protect from sun and wet weather conditions. The headbands inside the safety helmet need to fit properly. The suspension system must be in good working order and may need to be replaced every year.
Common types of foot injuries result from falling objects that may or may not be heavy being run over by mobile plant, punctures from such items as nails, and sharp metals stubbing your toes and contact with chemicals. Safety footwears usually have sealed sole with steel toe and slip which is suitable for most of the works.
Safety footwear should be compulsory except where there is a negligible risk of a foot injury. Always make sure that the foot protection is in good and clean condition.
A common cause of eye injuries is flying objects such as bits of metals and glass, tools, particles, chemicals, and harmful radiations. Eyewear protection includes safety glasses, goggles, full visor face shields, helmets, and full-face respirators. There are plastic, glass, and polycarbonate safety lenses. Plastic lenses including polycarbonate lenses are most often preferred over glass lenses due to their high impact resistance.
Common types of hand and arm injuries are abrasions, cuts, and punctures, chemical burns, electrical burns, thermal or heat burns resulting from contact with flame or hot objects. Safety gloves are a part of PPE kits that provide protection to the hand and arm. There are different types of gloves, which can be used for various purposes
Safety Hearing equipment
Many construction and manufacturing activities are overexposed to noise. Overexposure of noise can damage your hearing ability and thus prevents you from hearing other dangers while on the job. Effective hearing protection includes earplugs including ear bands and earmuffs that are rated for specific noise levels.
Common types of body protection include safety overalls, full-body suits, and light-duty aprons. When extra protection is required, sleeves, knee pads, and elbow pads will be helpful. Overalls are required to protect people when engaged in dirty work or tasks. Aprons are required when extra body protection is needed when doing welding works and while handling chemicals. When working in hot environments such as working outdoors or in the sunlight, ensure the use of water-resistant SPF 30 plus sunscreen.
When working close to machinery you must wear close fitting and garments that cannot get tangled in machinery. Being safe on the worksite is all about thinking and paying attention to what you are doing. You have to be properly dressed at the worksite at a minimum that means hard hat, long pants, heavy-duty work boots with a non-skid sole, a shirt with sleeves, a safety vest, and eye protection.
Check your hard hat to make sure that it is in good condition if there are tears in the suspension or holes in it. During the course of a normal workday, you may be exposed to different types of eye hazards including flying particles, sparks, or chemical splashes. You need to be wearing eye protection at all times which means safety glasses, goggles, full face shield, or combination of the three. Many jobs required utmost care during the time of performing their task such as cutting and welding specifically to protect eyes. Hearing protection is essential to protect you from noise, It is important to protect the ears if you are working in a very noisy environment. A person with high exposure to noises can cause permanent damage to the ears.
Precautions while working with concrete
When working with concrete, it can cause serious burns and skin irritations so you need to wear proper gloves and also be sure that you’ve got rubber boots on. Ensure to use gloves before handling chemicals, acids, corrosives, or any other solvents. It’s a good idea to remove rings and any kind of jewelry that can catch on a corner and cause an injury and if you are wearing a chain around your neck it needs to be under your shirts and if you’ve got long hair it should always be tied back or secured under headgear. Both these things ensure that you don’t catch any revolving equipment.
Safety tips when working at heights for fall protection
One of the things you need to ensure is that you don’t work under the influence of alcohol or drugs. It will become dangerous not only for you but also for others working in your surroundings. There are a lot of tasks that require you to be wearing a respirator. You’ve got to know the materials you are working with and make sure you have the right respirator for the job.
Respirators will protect you from overexposure to dust, mists, and fumes and must be matched for the exposure. If you are not sure what type of respirator is needed for the task, you have to contact the safety department for assistance. Despite the type of respirator you use, the mask must have a good seal around your face. Falling from height stands one of the single biggest causes of injuries, disability, and death at work.
All of those can be prevented. Guard rail the most ordinary type of fall protection. It should be made of either wood or wire rope. Alternate fall protection must be used and never leave an area unprotected for any period of time if you remove a guard rail. Another familiar form of fall protection is a personal fall arrest system.
To put on a fall protection harness start by securing your waist buckle then the chest buckle next to the two-leg buckles and finally recheck everything to make sure that they are tight. Always try to tie off above your head and make sure you limit your fall to no more than six feet. When you are climbing a wall or column you either need to use a retractable lifeline or utilize a double tie off. When you’re inside the unprotected area you must be using fall protection.
Before you use a ladder, make sure it doesn’t have any broken or cracked rungs or split side pieces. Check to make sure that the ladder is set on a solid base and the side supports are locked before you climb onto it. A lot of jobs will require you to work on a scaffold, you need to inspect it yourself, make sure that it’s on a solid footing and that it’s level.
A fire extinguisher must be available on the work premises you work in. You always need to know the location of the nearest fire extinguisher and make sure that you can get to it otherwise that doesn’t do you much good. The most important thing is to think about what you are doing, focus on your work, ask help when needed, and use all the necessary personal protective equipment while you work. It is important to choose the correct PPE for the types of hazards you encounter in your job.
Remember everyone has the right to work in a safe and healthy environment. You can’t afford to take PPE seriously.